Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Photoactive ZnO Materials for Solar Light Induced CuxO-ZnO Catalyst Preparation

Version 1 : Received: 22 September 2018 / Approved: 22 September 2018 / Online: 22 September 2018 (23:38:14 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Brzezińska, M.; García-Muñoz, P.; Ruppert, A.M.; Keller, N. Photoactive ZnO Materials for Solar Light-Induced CuxO-ZnO Catalyst Preparation. Materials 2018, 11, 2260. Brzezińska, M.; García-Muñoz, P.; Ruppert, A.M.; Keller, N. Photoactive ZnO Materials for Solar Light-Induced CuxO-ZnO Catalyst Preparation. Materials 2018, 11, 2260.

Journal reference: Materials 2018, 11, 2260
DOI: 10.3390/ma11112260

Abstract

In this work, the solar light-induced redox photoactivity of the ZnO semiconductor material was used to prepare at room temperature CuxO-ZnO composite catalysts with a control of the chemical state of the copper oxide phase. The preparation of Cu2(I)O-ZnO and Cu(II)O-ZnO composite catalysts was achieved by using Cu(acac)2 in THF-water and Cu(NO3)2 in water as metallic precursor, respectively. Prior to the implementation of the photo-assisted synthesis method, the most efficient photoactive ZnO material was selected among different ZnO materials prepared by the low temperature polyol method and through the precipitation method with carbonates and carbamates as precipitation agent, by taking the photocatalytic degradation of the 4-chlorophenol compound in water under simulated solar light as model reaction. The ZnO support materials were characterized by XRD, BET, TGA, SEM and TEM, and the synthesis method was strongly influencing their photoactivity in terms of 4-chlorophenol degradation and of total organic carbon removal. The most photoactive ZnO material was prepared by precipitation with carbonates and calcined at 300°C, and was taking advantage of a high specific surface area and a small mean crystallite size for achieving a complete 4-chlorophenol mineralization within 70 min of reaction, with a minimum Zn2+ released to the solution due to surface photocorrosion. Beside thermal catalysis applications, this work opened a new route for the facile synthesis of Cu2O-ZnO heterojunction photocatalysts, that could take advantage under solar light of the heterojunction built between the p-type semi-conductor Cu2O with direct visible light band gap and the ZnO semiconductor phase.

Subject Areas

ZnO; photo-oxidation; 4-chlorophenol; CuxO-ZnO catalyst; photodeposition

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