Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Global, Non-Parametric, Non-Iterative Optimization of Time-Averaged Quantities under Small, Time-Varying Forcing: An Application to a Thermal Convection Field

Version 1 : Received: 4 September 2018 / Approved: 5 September 2018 / Online: 5 September 2018 (13:13:59 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 30 August 2019 / Approved: 30 August 2019 / Online: 30 August 2019 (09:35:18 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.


This study demonstrates a global, non-parametric, non-iterative optimization of time-mean value of a kind of index vibrated by time-varying forcing. It is based on the fact that the (steady) forced vibration of non-autonomous ordinary differential equation systems is well approximated by an analytical solution when the amplitude of forcing is sufficiently small and its base state without forcing is linearly stable and steady. It is applied to optimize a time-averaged heat-transfer rate on a two-dimensional thermal convection field in a square cavity with horizontal temperature difference, and the globally optimal way of vibrational forcing, i.e. the globally optimal, spatial distribution of vibrational heat and vorticity sources, is first obtained. The maximized vibrational thermal convection corresponds well to the state of internal gravity wave resonance. In contrast, the minimized thermal convection is weak, keeping the boundary layers on both sidewalls thick.


Global, non-parametric, non-iterative optimization; Time-mean quantities; Small time-varying forcing; Ordinary differential equation system (ODEs); Eigenvalue problem


Computer Science and Mathematics, Mathematics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 30 August 2019
Commenter: Hideshi ISHIDA
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Some important explanations are included in the text, and some figures are replaced by revised ones.
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