Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Nernst Voltage Loss in Oxyhydrogen Fuel Cells

Version 1 : Received: 4 September 2018 / Approved: 4 September 2018 / Online: 4 September 2018 (11:56:23 CEST)

How to cite: Lyu, J. Nernst Voltage Loss in Oxyhydrogen Fuel Cells. Preprints 2018, 2018090062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0062.v1). Lyu, J. Nernst Voltage Loss in Oxyhydrogen Fuel Cells. Preprints 2018, 2018090062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0062.v1).

Abstract

Normally, the Nernst voltage calculated from the concentration of the reaction gas in the flow channel is considered to be the ideal voltage (reversible voltage) of the oxyhydrogen fuel cell, but actually it will cause a concentration gradient when the reaction gas flows from the flow channel through the gas diffusion layer to the catalyst layer. The Nernst voltage loss in fuel cells in most of the current literature is thought to be due to the difference in concentration of reaction gas in the flow channel and concentration of reaction gas on the catalyst layer at the time when the high net current density is generated. Based on the Butler-Volmer equation in oxyhydrogen fuel cell, this paper demonstrates that the Nernst voltage loss is caused by the concentration difference of reaction gas in flow channel and on the catalytic layer at the time when equilibrium potential (Galvanic potential) of each electrode is generated.

Subject Areas

Nernst voltage; activation overvoltage; concentration loss; equilibrium potential; exchange current density; net current density

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