Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Radix Scrophulariae Aqueous Extract Seems to Exert Neuroprotective Effects on Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion Injury with Inhibiting Apoptosis via ERK1/2 and p-38 MAPK Pathway

Version 1 : Received: 22 August 2018 / Approved: 22 August 2018 / Online: 22 August 2018 (11:07:43 CEST)

How to cite: Xie, W.; Zhou, P.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, C.; Meng, X.; Sun, G.; Sun, X. Radix Scrophulariae Aqueous Extract Seems to Exert Neuroprotective Effects on Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion Injury with Inhibiting Apoptosis via ERK1/2 and p-38 MAPK Pathway. Preprints 2018, 2018080395 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0395.v1). Xie, W.; Zhou, P.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, C.; Meng, X.; Sun, G.; Sun, X. Radix Scrophulariae Aqueous Extract Seems to Exert Neuroprotective Effects on Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion Injury with Inhibiting Apoptosis via ERK1/2 and p-38 MAPK Pathway. Preprints 2018, 2018080395 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0395.v1).

Abstract

Ischemia stroke is one of a clinically common cerebrovascular disease. And Inhibition of brain tissue ischemia and reperfusion-induced damage, especially apoptosis, has an irreplaceable protective effect on ischemic nerves, and has special significance for the treatment of patients after treatment. However, the development of neuroprotective drugs still has certain challenges. Radix scrophulariae as a valuable medicine, has been discovered to has neuroprotective effects. Our researches initially proved that Radix scrophulariae aqueous extract (RSAE) exerting a neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury in oxygen glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R)-induced PC12 cells and middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) model mice, were associated with attenuation of infarct volume, brain water content, nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA), inhibiting I/R-induced damage by reducing the levels of LDH release, improving anti-oxidant capacity by upregulating the SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activity, stabilizing mitochondrial membrane potential, reducing neuronal apoptosis, necrosis and neuronal loss by regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2and pro-apoptotic protein Bax, and elucidating downregulate the phosphorylation levels of MAPK pathways. Our findings may elaborate the neuroprotective effects and potential mechanisms of RSAE on focal cerebral I/R injury in mice. Since, Radix scrophulariae, as a potential neuroprotective natural plant, has originally been identified to, our results may offer directions and clues for discovering new active compounds or drugs for treatment of ischemic stroke, which allows us to discover many new natural active chemicals by chemical separation and identification, and provide new insights into therapeutic targets in stroke patients.

Subject Areas

Radix scrophulariae; ischemia stroke; cerebral ischemia and reperfusion; apoptosis; ERK1/2 MAPK; p-38 MAPK

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