Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Spatial Distribution of DDT and Its Metabolites in Soils from Indoor Residual Spraying in Tshilamusi Village, Limpopo

Version 1 : Received: 17 August 2018 / Approved: 18 August 2018 / Online: 18 August 2018 (07:53:56 CEST)

How to cite: Gitari, W.; Makoni, T.; Somerset, V.; Babajide, O. Spatial Distribution of DDT and Its Metabolites in Soils from Indoor Residual Spraying in Tshilamusi Village, Limpopo. Preprints 2018, 2018080328 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0328.v1). Gitari, W.; Makoni, T.; Somerset, V.; Babajide, O. Spatial Distribution of DDT and Its Metabolites in Soils from Indoor Residual Spraying in Tshilamusi Village, Limpopo. Preprints 2018, 2018080328 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0328.v1).

Abstract

The continued application of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in indoor residual spraying has posed significant threat to human health in Northern part of South Africa, despite its ban. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and spatial distribution of DDTs and its metabolites in surface soil (30 samples) collected in and around the spray homesteads; demarcated into three concentric zones A, B, C in Tshilamusi Vhembe district, South Africa. DDTs were the most abundant of all the OCPs chemicals found in soil samples. The concentrations of DDT range from 12.19 to 65.69 µg/kg, with the highest occurring at zone A which is the zone of application. DDTs and all its metabolites considered in this study were found in appreciable concentrations in soil of Zones B and C, far from spray sites. The results showed a strong correlation between distance and concentration levels of DDTs and its metabolites. However, there is a need for proper monitoring of OCPs chemicals in other environmental matrices as well as relevant agencies enforcing strict adherence to regulations on consumption of OCPs.

Subject Areas

application; organochlorine; pesticides; metabolites; homesteads; soils

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