Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effects of Different Techniques of Malolactic Fermentation Induction on Diacetyl Metabolism and Biosynthesis of Selected Aromatic Esters in Cool-Climate Grape Wines

Version 1 : Received: 17 August 2018 / Approved: 18 August 2018 / Online: 18 August 2018 (06:00:30 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lasik-Kurdyś, M.; Majcher, M.; Nowak, J. Effects of Different Techniques of Malolactic Fermentation Induction on Diacetyl Metabolism and Biosynthesis of Selected Aromatic Esters in Cool-Climate Grape Wines. Molecules 2018, 23, 2549. Lasik-Kurdyś, M.; Majcher, M.; Nowak, J. Effects of Different Techniques of Malolactic Fermentation Induction on Diacetyl Metabolism and Biosynthesis of Selected Aromatic Esters in Cool-Climate Grape Wines. Molecules 2018, 23, 2549.

Journal reference: Molecules 2018, 23, 2549
DOI: 10.3390/molecules23102549

Abstract

We examined the effects of different malolactic bacteria fermentation techniques, including a spontaneous process – a variant with a high risk of undesirable metabolites – on the bioconversion of aromatic compounds in cool-climate grape wines. During three wine seasons, red and white grape wines were produced by three different methods of malolactic fermentation induction: coinoculation, sequential inoculation, and spontaneous malolactic fermentation. Volatiles (diacetyl and the products of its metabolism, as well as selected ethyl fatty acids esters) were extracted by solid phase microextraction. Compounds were identified with multidimensional gas chromatograph GCxGC-ToFMS with ZOEX cryogenic (N2) modulator. Sensory evaluation of the wines was also performed. We found, that the fermentation-derived metabolites examined in this study were affected by the malolactic bacteria inoculation regime. Quantitatively, ethyl lactate, diethyl succinate and ethyl acetate dominated as esters with the largest increase in the concentration. The total concentration of ethyl esters was highest for the coinoculation scenario. Whereas the highest concentration of diacetyl was noted for the spontaneous processes. A controlled malolactic fermentation,  especially using the coinoculation technique, can be proposed as a safe and efficient enological practice for producing quality, cool-climate grape wines enriched with fruity, fresh and floral aromas.

Subject Areas

malolactic fermentation; coinoculation; diacetyl; esters; aromatic compounds; grape wine

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