Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Brillouin Dynamic Gratings – A Practical Form of Brillouin Enhanced Four Wave Mixing in Waveguides – The First Decade and Beyond

Version 1 : Received: 9 August 2018 / Approved: 9 August 2018 / Online: 9 August 2018 (08:55:42 CEST)

How to cite: Bergman, A.; Tur, M. Brillouin Dynamic Gratings – A Practical Form of Brillouin Enhanced Four Wave Mixing in Waveguides – The First Decade and Beyond. Preprints 2018, 2018080181 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0181.v1). Bergman, A.; Tur, M. Brillouin Dynamic Gratings – A Practical Form of Brillouin Enhanced Four Wave Mixing in Waveguides – The First Decade and Beyond. Preprints 2018, 2018080181 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0181.v1).

Abstract

Brillouin-Enhanced Four-Wave-Mixing techniques, which couple four optical beams through Brillouin nonlinearity, have gained popularity in the 1980's largely owing to their phase conjugation properties. Experiments were mainly conducted in liquid cells. The interest in Brillouin-Enhanced Four-Wave-Mixing has reawakened in the 2000's, following the quest for dynamically reconfigurable gratings in optical fibers. Termed Brillouin Dynamic Grating this time around, it is, in fact, an acoustic wave, optically generated by stimulated Brillouin scattering process between two pump waves. The acoustic wave either carries the coherent information encoded by the pump beams, or in the case of sensing applications, its properties are determined by the environmental parameters. This information, in turn, is imparted to the third phase-matched optical probe wave through the elasto-optic effect. Over the last decade, this mechanism allowed for the realization of many all-optical signal processing functions and has proven instrumental in distributed sensing applications. This paper describes the basics, as well as the state of the art, of BDG-based applications in optical fibers. It also surveys the efforts being done to carry over these concepts to the photonic chip level.

Subject Areas

dynamic gratings; stimulated brillouin scattering; optomechanics; optical data processing; fiber optics sensors

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