Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A New Synthetic Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy Cell Death in Endometrial Cancer Cells via p53 Acetylation

Version 1 : Received: 7 August 2018 / Approved: 7 August 2018 / Online: 7 August 2018 (14:37:46 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

De, U.; Son, J.Y.; Sachan, R.; Park, Y.J.; Kang, D.; Yoon, K.; Lee, B.M.; Kim, I.S.; Moon, H.R.; Kim, H.S. A New Synthetic Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy Cell Death in Endometrial Cancer Cells via p53 Acetylation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2743. De, U.; Son, J.Y.; Sachan, R.; Park, Y.J.; Kang, D.; Yoon, K.; Lee, B.M.; Kim, I.S.; Moon, H.R.; Kim, H.S. A New Synthetic Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy Cell Death in Endometrial Cancer Cells via p53 Acetylation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2743.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2743
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19092743

Abstract

We previously found a novel a new sirtuin (SIRT) inhibitor MHY2256 that exerts anticancer activity through p53 acetylation in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Here, we investigated the anticancer activity of MHY2256 against hormone-related cancer, which is an endometrial cancer with poor prognosis. We found that MHY2256 markedly reduced cellular proliferation at low concentrations against Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells. The IC50 values of MHY2256 were much lower than that of salermide. Furthermore, MHY2256 significantly reduced the protein expression and activities of SIRT1, 2, and 3 with similar effects as salermide, a well-known SIRT inhibitor. Particularly, MHY2256 markedly inhibited tumor growth in a tumor xenograft mouse model of Ishikawa cancer cells. During the experimental period, there was no significant change in the body weight of mice treated with MHY2256. Detailed analysis of the sensitization mechanisms of Ishikawa cells revealed that late apoptosis was largely increased by MHY2256. Additionally, MHY2256 increased G1 arrest and reduced cell cyclic-related proteins, suggesting that apoptosis by MHY2256 was achieved by cellular arrest. Particularly, p21 was greatly increased by MHY225656, suggesting that cell cycle arrest by p21 is a major factor in MHY2256 sensitization in Ishikawa cells. We also detected a significant increase in acetylated p53, a target protein of SIRT1, in Ishikawa cells after MHY2256 treatment. In a mouse xenograft model, MHY2256 significantly reduced tumor growth and weight without apparent side effects. These results suggest that MHY2256 exerts its anticancer activity through p53 acetylation in endometrial cancer and can be used for targeting hormone-related cancers.

Subject Areas

histone deacetylase inhibitor, MHY2256, p53, apoptosis, autophagy, Ishikawa, endometrial cancer

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