Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Novel Formation of Ferrite in Ingot of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb Stainless Steel

Version 1 : Received: 1 August 2018 / Approved: 3 August 2018 / Online: 3 August 2018 (05:39:57 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 24 August 2018 / Approved: 24 August 2018 / Online: 24 August 2018 (05:10:49 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Han, F.; Yu, H.; Dessau, J.; Chen, X. Novel formation of Ferrite in Ingot of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb Stainless Steel. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 44. Han, F.; Yu, H.; Dessau, J.; Chen, X. Novel formation of Ferrite in Ingot of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb Stainless Steel. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 44.


Ferrite body is the origin of crack and corrosion initiation of steels. Distribution and density of ferrite in seven steel ingots were examined by light optical microscopy and computational modeling in the study to explore the correlation of ferrite formation to chemical composition and mushy zone temperature in ingot forming. The central segregation phenomenon in ferrite distribution was observed in all the examined steel specimens except 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb stainless steel. No significant difference was found in distribution and density of ferrite amongst zones of the surface, ½ radius and core in neither risers nor tails of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb ingots. Additionally, fewer ferrite was found in 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb compared to other examined steels. The difference of ferrite formation in 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb elicited a debate on the traditional models explicating ferrite formation. Considering the compelling advantages in mechanical strength, plasticity and corrosion resistance, further investigation on the unusual ferrite formation in 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb would help understand the mechanism to improve steel quality. In summary, we observed that ferrite formation in steel was correlated with mushy zone temperature. The advantages of 0Crl7Ni4Cu4Nb in corrosion resistance and mechanical stability could be resulted from that fewer ferrites formed and distributed in a scattered manner in microstructure of the steel.


ferrite formation; mushy zone temperature, liquidus and solidus temperature, ingot forming, 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb stainless steel


Chemistry and Materials Science, Metals, Alloys and Metallurgy

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