Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Survey on Infrastructure of Vehicles-To-Grid: A State-Of-Art Challenges and Solutions

Version 1 : Received: 21 June 2018 / Approved: 21 June 2018 / Online: 21 June 2018 (10:34:06 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Harighi, T.; Bayindir, R.; Padmanaban, S.; Mihet-Popa, L.; Hossain, E. An Overview of Energy Scenarios, Storage Systems and the Infrastructure for Vehicle-to-Grid Technology. Energies 2018, 11, 2174. Harighi, T.; Bayindir, R.; Padmanaban, S.; Mihet-Popa, L.; Hossain, E. An Overview of Energy Scenarios, Storage Systems and the Infrastructure for Vehicle-to-Grid Technology. Energies 2018, 11, 2174.

Journal reference: Energies 2018, 11, 2174
DOI: 10.3390/en11082174

Abstract

The increase in the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) is one of the most important world problems. Decreasing of GHG emission is a big challenge in the future. Transportation sector uses a significant part of petroleum production in the world and it leads to an increase in the emission of GHG. The result of this issue is that population of the world befoul environment of transportation system automatically. Electric Vehicles (EV) have a potentiality to solve a big part of the GHG emission and energy efficiency issues such as stability and reality of energy. The energy actors and their research team determine some targets for 2050; hence, they hope to decrease the world temperature to 6 °C in the best and 2 °C in the normal condition. Fulfillment of these scenarios needs suitable grid infrastructure but in most of the countries, the grid does not have a suitable background to apply those scenarios. In this paper, some problems about energy scenarios, energy storage systems, grid infrastructure and communication systems in supply and demand side of the grid and its solutions have been investigated.

Subject Areas

vehicle to grid; grid to vehicle; electric vehicles; batteries; harmonic distortion; IEEE bus standards

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