Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Export competitiveness: Assessment through the Balassa index (the case of Armenia)

Version 1 : Received: 12 June 2018 / Approved: 15 June 2018 / Online: 15 June 2018 (12:27:03 CEST)

How to cite: Sargsyan, A. Export competitiveness: Assessment through the Balassa index (the case of Armenia). Preprints 2018, 2018060253 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0253.v1). Sargsyan, A. Export competitiveness: Assessment through the Balassa index (the case of Armenia). Preprints 2018, 2018060253 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0253.v1).

Abstract

The competitiveness of domestic products at the regional or global market is one of the cornerstones of a country’s internationalcompetitiveness. In this regard, the assessment and analysis of the competitiveness of a country’s international trade becomes an important issue. Thus, development and diversification of the export potential of the country is viewed as one of the most important directions of the international trade policy of the given country. Therefore, another important task is the specialization of the country in the most efficient and competitive segments of the economy. The above-mentioned circumstances embody the fact, that the role of quantitative assessment of potential competitive advantages is important, as it allows determining to what extent certain factors influence on the formation of export capacity in the country. The main objective of the study is to determine the role of export competitiveness in the process of competitive advantages formation of a country. This study mainly focuses on quantitative analysis based on the calculation of Balassa index, determining the extent to which a country has a comparative advantage in producing and exporting certain goods. The study presents the example of the Republic of Armenia, the study covers the period between 2002- 2016. Based on the index calculation, it can be determined whether the country has "revealed" comparative advantage or not. The practical significance of the study lies in the fact that its main findings and conclusions arising from it can be used in assessing the export competitiveness of not only Armenia, but also for other countries or groups of countries.The outcomes and implication of the research can be used to improve the competitiveness of goods and services in the global market.

Subject Areas

Trade, competitiveness, export, index, assessment, method, data, revealed, comparative advantage, development, diversification, centralization

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