Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Who is more Food Secure among Rural, Peri-urban and Urban Households in Pakistan? Results from a field survey in Punjab province

Version 1 : Received: 6 June 2018 / Approved: 7 June 2018 / Online: 7 June 2018 (12:39:47 CEST)

How to cite: Sher, A.; Mazhar, S.; Abbas, A.; Iqbal, M.A.; Xiangmei, L. Who is more Food Secure among Rural, Peri-urban and Urban Households in Pakistan? Results from a field survey in Punjab province. Preprints 2018, 2018060123 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0123.v1). Sher, A.; Mazhar, S.; Abbas, A.; Iqbal, M.A.; Xiangmei, L. Who is more Food Secure among Rural, Peri-urban and Urban Households in Pakistan? Results from a field survey in Punjab province. Preprints 2018, 2018060123 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0123.v1).

Abstract

This study aims to assess food security status of rural, peri-urban and urban households and role of socio-economic factors in ensuring food security. A survey was conducted to collect primary (quantitative) data from 630 respondents using proportionate sampling technique from Punjab, Pakistan. Cronbach’s Alpha reveals stability (>0.75) of data scale items. Using Dietary Intake Assessment (DIA), findings reveal urban households as highly food-secure whereas rural household as most vulnerable to food security at 2450kcal/day per person. Study indicates food price increase as the leading factor in preventing food security among households. Contrary, study identifies risk factors associated to food quality under the abundant availability and access as the new dimension to household food insecurity. Further, results of binary logit model show that socio-economic factors such as monthly income, total number of earners, education of household head and access to market are positively related with food security status whereas, social isolation, volatility in food prices and risk factors in food quality are negatively related with household food security. Therefore, study proposes educational orientation and entrepreneurial development as sustainable solution to ensure food security among masses. Besides, further country level researches are advised to deep delve the mounting menace of food security.

Subject Areas

sustainable; livelihood; policy; vulnerability; choice; quality

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