Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Transformation of Informal Settlements: Case of Cape Vert

Version 1 : Received: 5 June 2018 / Approved: 5 June 2018 / Online: 5 June 2018 (12:56:11 CEST)

How to cite: Amado, M.; Poggi, F.; Martins, A.; Vieira, N.; Amado, A.R. Transformation of Informal Settlements: Case of Cape Vert. Preprints 2018, 2018060068 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0068.v1). Amado, M.; Poggi, F.; Martins, A.; Vieira, N.; Amado, A.R. Transformation of Informal Settlements: Case of Cape Vert. Preprints 2018, 2018060068 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0068.v1).

Abstract

The non-existence of a land ownership database in most of the developing countries moves the inhabitants to the occupation of public lands. Some of this situation are the origin to areas of informal housing, commerce and agriculture and in the end into new ​​informal settlements. Informal settlements become a serious problem in developing countries. The most common typology of informal settlements is that they are the population settled in public lands without any infrastructures and against the administrator's will. Thought this action the result in an uncontrolled land occupation process that promotes new informal areas without any proper built-up utilities, located in risk areas on the territory, barely ensuring the minimum requirements for a heaty living of the population and in various cases incentives to an informal economy. The process of build a cadastral map in informal settlement areas is a fundamental base to support the future transformation of illegal areas and to regulate the occupation of new subdivision planning and into the creation of new expansion areas. In this paper, it is presented a methodology developed to be applied to support a new register of land and to management. The transformation of informal settlement areas. The model to register the land tenure has been associated with allows the process application to multiple typology of informal settlements. The model to register land tenure has developed on a series of qualitative and quantitative data that determine the identification and classification of the buildings and its physical and functional description. The model was developed using Geographic Information System and with an initial survey of existing land titles of possession and public proposals to develop new expansion areas. A case study of the method is presented, where the land management model was implemented - Chã da Caldeiras in Ilha do Fogo an informal settlement in Cape Verde. The results are a great acceptance of the proposal by the population and local authorities and the starting of the implementation phase.

Subject Areas

sustainability; urban planning; parametric model; informal settlements; GIS

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