Preprint Brief Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Piloting a Developmental Screening Tool Adapted for East African Children

Version 1 : Received: 31 May 2018 / Approved: 1 June 2018 / Online: 1 June 2018 (11:11:19 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sajady, M.A.; Mehus, C.J.; Moody, E.C.; Jaramillo, E.G.; Mupere, E.; Barnes, A.J.; Cusick, S.E. Piloting a Developmental Screening Tool Adapted for East African Children. Children 2018, 5, 101. Sajady, M.A.; Mehus, C.J.; Moody, E.C.; Jaramillo, E.G.; Mupere, E.; Barnes, A.J.; Cusick, S.E. Piloting a Developmental Screening Tool Adapted for East African Children. Children 2018, 5, 101.

Journal reference: Children 2018, 5, 101
DOI: 10.3390/children5080101

Abstract

There is a need for developmental screening that is easily administered in resource-poor settings. 1) We hypothesized that known risk factors would predict failed developmental screening on an adapted screening tool in East African children living in poverty. 2) The sample included 100 healthy Ugandan children aged 6-59 months. We adapted a parent-reported developmental screener based on the Child Development Review chart. The primary outcome was failure to meet age-appropriate milestones for any developmental domain. Venous blood was analyzed for lead, and caregivers completed a demographics questionnaire. We used multivariate logistic regression models to determine if elevated blood lead and stunting predicted failure on the screener, controlling for maternal education level, age in months past the lower bound of the child’s developmental age group, and absence of home electricity. 3) In the sample, 14% (n=14) of children failed one or more milestones on the screener. Lead levels or stunting did not predict failing the screener after controlling for covariates. 4) Though this tool was feasibly administered, it did not demonstrate preliminary construct validity and is not yet recommended for screening in high-risk populations. Future research should include a larger sample size and cognitive interviews to ensure it is contextually relevant.

Subject Areas

development; milestones; screening; poverty; stunting; lead exposure; developmental risk; child health; global health; pediatrics

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