Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Establishing Identity from the Skeletal Remains: In Reference of Alum Bheg a Martyr from 1857 Indian Freedom Struggle

Version 1 : Received: 1 May 2018 / Approved: 4 May 2018 / Online: 4 May 2018 (05:15:18 CEST)

How to cite: Kumar, A.; Ghosh, S.K.; Pareek, V. Establishing Identity from the Skeletal Remains: In Reference of Alum Bheg a Martyr from 1857 Indian Freedom Struggle. Preprints 2018, 2018050083 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0083.v1). Kumar, A.; Ghosh, S.K.; Pareek, V. Establishing Identity from the Skeletal Remains: In Reference of Alum Bheg a Martyr from 1857 Indian Freedom Struggle. Preprints 2018, 2018050083 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0083.v1).

Abstract

Introduction: We undertook the present study to analyze morphological features of a skull supposed to be that of Alum Bheg, a martyr from 1857 Indian Freedom Struggle (also called Sepoy Mutiny), using established methods to validate identity with regards to age and height as available in the note found with the skull (about 32 year and 5 feet 7½ inch). Methods: Identification of sex of the skull was done based on established criteria. Analysis for closure of skull sutures (cranial and facial) and measurement of orbitomedial (OM) & maxillomedial (MM) facial anthropometric lines were undertaken to provide an estimated age against each examined suture as well as group of sutures through established scoring systems. Further, approximate height of individual was estimated from skull length using regression equations from a reference adult Indian male population. Results: Established criteria confirmed that the skull was of a male individual and skull sutures and age related morphological changes in bones indicate that it belonged to an individual in age range 20 -50 years with an average of 30 years and approximate height between 5 feet 8.2 inch to 6 feet 1 inch. Discussion: Based on our observations we suggest that the skull belonged to a male individual around 30 years of age and height 5 feet 8.2 inch to 6 feet 1 inch. The observed values are in approximation with that mentioned in the historical note and slight differences may be attributed either to gross reporting of original values or limitations of anthropometric analysis.

Subject Areas

Alum Bheg; anthropometry; identification; 1857 Sepoy mutiny; skull

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