Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Production of Cationic Polyacrylamide Flocculant P(AM–DMDAAC) by Microwave Assisted Synthesis, its Characterization and Flocculation Perfomance

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2018 / Approved: 18 April 2018 / Online: 18 April 2018 (15:48:27 CEST)

How to cite: Zhang, P.; Zhao, D.; Zhang, X. Production of Cationic Polyacrylamide Flocculant P(AM–DMDAAC) by Microwave Assisted Synthesis, its Characterization and Flocculation Perfomance. Preprints 2018, 2018040243 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0243.v1). Zhang, P.; Zhao, D.; Zhang, X. Production of Cationic Polyacrylamide Flocculant P(AM–DMDAAC) by Microwave Assisted Synthesis, its Characterization and Flocculation Perfomance. Preprints 2018, 2018040243 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0243.v1).

Abstract

A composite flocculant P(AM–DMDAAC) was synthesized by the copolymerization of acrylamide (AM) and dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC). Using microwave (MV) assistance with ammonium persulfate as initiator, the synthesis provided short reaction time and better solubility product. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR and 13C NMR), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential thermal analysis-thermo gravimetric analyzer (DTA-TGA) were used to determine the structure and morphology of P(AM–DMDAAC). Parameters affecting the intrinsic viscosity ([η]) of P(AM–DMDAAC), such as microwave time, mass ratio of DMDAAC to AM, initiator ammonium persulfatedosage, sodium benzoate dosage, bath time, reaction temperature and pH value were examined. Results showed that the optimum synthesis conditions were microwave time 1.5 min, m(DMDAAC): m(AM) is 4:16, 0.5 wt‰ initiator, 0.4 wt‰ EDTA, 0.3 wt‰ sodium benzoate, 2 wt‰ urea, 4 h bath time, 4.0h reaction time and pH 2. To study the removal of phenol by P(AM–DMDAAC), the influence of flocculant dose, pH value and the stirring speed were investigated, with optimization providing 99.8 % removal.

Subject Areas

acrylamide; microwave assistance; intrinsic viscosity; flocculant; phenol removal

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