Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Calculation of the Surface Tension of Ordinary Organic and Ionic Liquids by Means of a Generally Applicable Computer Algorithm Based on the Group—Additivity Method

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2018 / Approved: 16 April 2018 / Online: 16 April 2018 (13:35:41 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Naef, R.; Acree, W.E. Calculation of the Surface Tension of Ordinary Organic and Ionic Liquids by Means of a Generally Applicable Computer Algorithm Based on the Group-Additivity Method. Molecules 2018, 23, 1224. Naef, R.; Acree, W.E. Calculation of the Surface Tension of Ordinary Organic and Ionic Liquids by Means of a Generally Applicable Computer Algorithm Based on the Group-Additivity Method. Molecules 2018, 23, 1224.

Journal reference: Molecules 2018, 23, 1224
DOI: 10.3390/molecules23051224

Abstract

The calculation of the surface tension of ordinary organic and ionic liquids, based on a computer algorithm applying a refined group-additivity method, is presented. The refinement consists of a complete breakdown of the molecules into their constituting atoms, further distinguishing them by their immediate neighbour atoms and bond constitution. The evaluation of the atom-groups’ contributions was carried out by means of a fast Gauss-Seidel fitting method founded upon the experimental data of 1895 compounds from literature. The result has been tested for plausibility using a 10-fold cross-validation (cv) procedure. The direct calculation and the cv test proved the applicability of the present method by the close similarity and excellent goodness of fit R2 and Q2 of 0.9023 and 0.8821, respectively. The respective standard deviations are ±2.01 and ±2.16 dyn/cm. Some correlation peculiarities have been observed in a series of ordinary and ionic liquids with homologous alkyl chains which are illustrated and discussed in detail, exhibiting the limit of the present method.

Subject Areas

group-additivity method; surface tension

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