Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cybercrime and Risks for Cyber Physical Systems: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 5 April 2018 / Approved: 5 April 2018 / Online: 5 April 2018 (06:10:06 CEST)

How to cite: Yeboah-ofori, A.; Abdulai, J.; Katsriku, F. Cybercrime and Risks for Cyber Physical Systems: A Review. Preprints 2018, 2018040066 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0066.v1). Yeboah-ofori, A.; Abdulai, J.; Katsriku, F. Cybercrime and Risks for Cyber Physical Systems: A Review. Preprints 2018, 2018040066 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0066.v1).

Abstract

Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) is the integration of computation and physical process that makes a complete system such as the physical components, networked systems, embedded computers and software and linking together of devices and sensors for information sharing. Cyber Physical Systems are Smart Systems that comprises of the merging and integration of Industry Control Systems, Critical Infrastructures, Internet of Things (IoT) and Embedded Systems. Major industries such as the Chemical and Industrial Plants, Aviation Systems, National Grid, the Stock Exchange, Military Systems, and others depends heavily on these Cyber Physical Systems for financial and economic growth. The benefits of CPS nationally and globally are in the areas of Manufacturing, Energy, Transport, Healthcare and Communication. Cyber Physical Systems incorporates Physical systems, Digital systems and Human elements on network infrastructures to provide interactive systems. However, these three key components the Physical systems, Digital systems and Human elements may have inherent threats and vulnerabilities on them that may run the risk of being compromise, exploited, attacked or hacked. Cybercriminals in their quest to bring down these systems and may cause disruption of services either for fame, revenge, political motive, economic war, cyber terrorism and cyber war. The study seeks to review the risks that are associated with these three key components Physical systems, Digital systems and Human elements. The study considered four main risk mitigation goals for this purpose, and these are Business Value, Organizational Requirements, Threat Agent and Impact based on the review results. We used Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) to determine the relative importance of these goals that contributes to developing cybercrime and rich in CPS. For the results, the prioritized goals are then used to assess the risks using a semi-quantitative approach to determine the net threat level.

Subject Areas

cyber physical systems; cybercrime; risk mitigation; risk management; industrial control systems

Readers' Comments and Ratings (0)

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Rate this article
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0
Leave a public comment

×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.