Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

3D Finite Element analysis of Laser Surface Glazing to Investigate Temperature Effects on Surface of Ti64 Alloy

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2018 / Approved: 19 March 2018 / Online: 19 March 2018 (06:42:48 CET)

How to cite: Kabir, I.R.; Yin, D.; Tamanna, N.; Naher, S. 3D Finite Element analysis of Laser Surface Glazing to Investigate Temperature Effects on Surface of Ti64 Alloy. Preprints 2018, 2018030140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0140.v1). Kabir, I.R.; Yin, D.; Tamanna, N.; Naher, S. 3D Finite Element analysis of Laser Surface Glazing to Investigate Temperature Effects on Surface of Ti64 Alloy. Preprints 2018, 2018030140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0140.v1).

Abstract

Ti64 alloy plays a significant role in the biomedical applications such as bioimplants for its excellent biocompatibility. Its usage can be further extended by improving the surface hardness and wear resistance. In this respect, laser surface glazing (LSG), an advanced surface modification technique, is very useful which can produce thin hardened surface layer and strong metallurgical bonding. Investigation of temporal and spatial temperature distributions of laser glazed surface of materials are essential because temperature plays significant role in achieving required surface properties. Therefore, in this study, a 3D Finite element analysis has been developed to perform transient thermal analysis of LSG for Ti64 alloy. The model investigated temperature distribution, depth of modified zone and heating and cooling. The results show that the peak temperature is attained 2095 K for 300 W laser power, 0.2 mm beam width and 0.15 ms residence time. Since this temperature is above the melting point (1933 K) of Ti64 alloy, the melt depth is calculated 22.5 μm. Furthermore, from the simulation results, the average heating and cooling rates are estimated 1.19×107 Ks-1 and 2.71×106 Ks-1 respectively which indicate the presence of hard phases in the modified zone.

Subject Areas

laser surface glazing; Ti6Al4V alloy; FEA; thermal model; biomedical application; heating and cooling rates; depth of modified zone; hardness; wear resistance

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