Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Improving Decisions to Mitigate the Risks of Organizational Accidents

Version 1 : Received: 6 March 2018 / Approved: 6 March 2018 / Online: 6 March 2018 (05:21:28 CET)

How to cite: Jackson, S.; Harel, A. Improving Decisions to Mitigate the Risks of Organizational Accidents. Preprints 2018, 2018030042 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0042.v1). Jackson, S.; Harel, A. Improving Decisions to Mitigate the Risks of Organizational Accidents. Preprints 2018, 2018030042 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0042.v1).

Abstract

This paper examines cognitive biases which affect the ability of decision makers to make rational decisions in an organizational context. The motivation for this analysis begins with the observation of catastrophic accidents caused by human error but in an organizational context. This paper expands on the concept of cognitive bias to define organizational biases which are the factors that affect decisions in an organizational context. The paper distinguishes between organizational biases, which are the focus of this paper, and individual biases, which are biases experienced by individuals but may have organizational consequences. The purpose of this paper is to identify methods to mitigate the risks of organizational accidents, accidents which involve many people operating at different levels of an organization. The methodology is to identify those decisions that would address the specific organizational biases. The focus of this paper is the decisions for mitigating the risks associated with decisions in an organizational context. Results are shown for seven organizational biases, six specific case studies, and four decision options. This paper concludes that organizational biases are intrinsically different from individual biases and that these differences lead to different decision options from those that mitigate individual biases; however, they may exist concurrently.

Subject Areas

cognitive bias; organizational bias; decision options; risk; catastrophic, organizational accidents; human error; hierarchy; culture; policy; procedures

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