Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An Inhibition Effect on Diabetic Cardiomyopathy Fibrosis of db/db Mice through Reduction of Myocardial Protein N-glycosylation by Crude 1-DNJ Extract from Homemade Bombyx Batryticatus mori.L

Version 1 : Received: 4 March 2018 / Approved: 5 March 2018 / Online: 5 March 2018 (04:08:49 CET)

How to cite: Zhao, Q.; Jia, T.Z.; Cao, Q.C.; Tian, F.; Ying, W.T. An Inhibition Effect on Diabetic Cardiomyopathy Fibrosis of db/db Mice through Reduction of Myocardial Protein N-glycosylation by Crude 1-DNJ Extract from Homemade Bombyx Batryticatus mori.L. Preprints 2018, 2018030030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0030.v1). Zhao, Q.; Jia, T.Z.; Cao, Q.C.; Tian, F.; Ying, W.T. An Inhibition Effect on Diabetic Cardiomyopathy Fibrosis of db/db Mice through Reduction of Myocardial Protein N-glycosylation by Crude 1-DNJ Extract from Homemade Bombyx Batryticatus mori.L. Preprints 2018, 2018030030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0030.v1).

Abstract

The Chinese drug Bombyx Batryticatus mori.L which also named as the white stiff silkworm is widely used in clinics, due to the significant antispasmodic and promotional blood circulation effects. In addition, its hypoglycemic effect is also recognized in recent years. From a pathological point of view, the enzymatic glycosylation and non-enzymatic glycation both have important roles in regulating properties of proteins and are associated with Diabetes. With the db/db mouse model, we examined the alterations of N-glycosylation of diabetic myocardium at primary stage and clarify the differences in glycosylation of myocardium before and after with 1-DNJ treatment. Hydrophilic chromatography solid phase extraction enrichment and LC-MS/MS identification was applied to profile the alternations in protein glycosylation. Meanwhile, N-glycan α1, 6-fucosylation alterations were profiled with LCA lectin blot and FITC-labelled lectin affinity histochemistry. Our results showed that AGES, hydroxyproline, CTGF and other serum indicators and fibrosis related cytokines expressional levels were reduced significantly by 1-DNJ in a dose-dependent manner. In order to verify this result, the well-known pathway of TGF-β/smad2/3 was picked out and α1, 6-core fucosylated TGFR-βⅡwas semi-quantified with western blot method. The result sustained the conclusion from LCA lectin affinity histochemistry and lectin blot analysis. The expressional level of α1, 6-fucosyltransferase mRNA was increased in the myocardium of db/db mice, however, the 1-DNJ administration did not show obvious inhibitory effect on FU8 expression. This unexpected result can be interpreted as 1-DNJ plays the roles by reducing the concentration of substrate rather than inhibiting α1,6-fucose glycosyltransferase expression. Meanwhile, 1-DNJ crude extract from BBm with some flavonoids accompany can also play the roles of anti-oxidant, and all the chemicals protect the diabetic myocardium from hyperglycemia damage commonly.

Subject Areas

1-DNJ; diabetic cardiomyopathy; fibrosis; N-glycosylation; α 1,6-Fucosylation

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