Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Heads of Households’ Educational Attainment and Households Food Insecurity and Monetary Poverty in Burkina Faso: A Joint Semi-parametric Bivariate Modeling Approach

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2018 / Approved: 26 February 2018 / Online: 26 February 2018 (09:09:43 CET)

How to cite: Niankara, I. Heads of Households’ Educational Attainment and Households Food Insecurity and Monetary Poverty in Burkina Faso: A Joint Semi-parametric Bivariate Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018020156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0156.v1). Niankara, I. Heads of Households’ Educational Attainment and Households Food Insecurity and Monetary Poverty in Burkina Faso: A Joint Semi-parametric Bivariate Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018020156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0156.v1).

Abstract

Given the Income enabling nature of education as stipulated by human capital theory, it can be postulated that “ceteris paribus”, households with formally educated heads experience less food insecurity and monetary poverty than those with uneducated heads. We test this claim in the case of Burkina Faso, using the 2014 National Survey on Households Living Conditions, along with semi-parametric modeling techniques. In its design the study uses households “willingness and ability” to spend annually on food consumption a per-capita amount above the food poverty line of 102,040 CFA Franc to characterize “household food security”, and households “unwillingness or inability” to spend above the overall poverty line of 153,530 CFA Franc to characterize “monetary poverty”. In addition, the study relies not only on single equation multivariate probit and logit specifications, but also on both fully parametric and semi-parametric bivariate probit representations of food insecurity and monetary poverty.  The results show that relaxing the linearity and independence assumptions through joint semi-parametric bivariate modeling captures better the true effects of heads of households’ educational attainment on households' food insecurity and monetary poverty. In fact, compared to households headed by someone with no education, those headed by someone with a primary, secondary or higher education are respectively 19.8% , 49.7% and 118.9% less likely to experience food insecurity, and respectively 40.1%, 77.0% and 172.3% less likely to experience monetary poverty in Burkina Faso. In addition, the experience of food insecurity and monetary poverty are highly correlated at 92.7%, suggesting that educational policies that alleviate poverty in Burkina Faso should also impact positively food security in the country.

Subject Areas

Burkina Faso; discrete choice; education; food insecurity; monetary poverty

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