Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Index Cost Estimation Using Case Based Reasoning Model Based on Macro BIM

Version 1 : Received: 27 January 2018 / Approved: 28 January 2018 / Online: 28 January 2018 (16:43:50 CET)

How to cite: Zima, K.; Leśniak, A. Index Cost Estimation Using Case Based Reasoning Model Based on Macro BIM. Preprints 2018, 2018010262 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201801.0262.v1). Zima, K.; Leśniak, A. Index Cost Estimation Using Case Based Reasoning Model Based on Macro BIM. Preprints 2018, 2018010262 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201801.0262.v1).

Abstract

Information regarding the cost of a construction project is available to the investor and project participants in order to determine the subsequent success of a project, given that the information they collect has an impact on the decisions they make. Cost calculations, especially in the initial phase of a project, often generate large errors. This paper presents the new approach based on a combination of the Case Based Reasoning method (CBR) with the originally selected criteria for the description of a construction project (as a result of Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology. The CBR method fulfils expectations for a simple and fast system supporting the cost estimation process. It does not require any specialist knowledge, so it will be comprehensible to cost estimation practitioners. The BIM-based model gives the opportunity for the calculation of quantity take-offs and enables the use of the information contained in the BIM model in the cost estimation process. In order to prepare the model an appropriate relational database had to be developed. With extensive research, a database of 173 construction projects, including the construction of a sports field, was obtained. There were 14 variables defined originally by authors; however, only 10 (as a result of the correlation analysis) were used for the calculation. Data related to the project were collected in the BIM model. Results estimating the project’s unit price, using the CBR method, were presented and discussed. The Mean Absolute Estimate Error was used to evaluate the model.

Subject Areas

Building Information Modeling; Case Based Reasoning; cost estimating; information management

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