Broadbridge, P.; Triadis, D.; Gallage, D.; Cesana, P. Nonclassical Symmetry Solutions for Fourth-Order Phase Field Reaction–Diffusion. Symmetry2018, 10, 72.
Broadbridge, P.; Triadis, D.; Gallage, D.; Cesana, P. Nonclassical Symmetry Solutions for Fourth-Order Phase Field Reaction–Diffusion. Symmetry 2018, 10, 72.
Using a nonclassical symmetry of nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations, some exact multi-dimensional time-dependent solutions are constructed for a fourth-order Allen-Cahn-Hilliard equation. This models a phase field that gives a phenomenological description of a two-phase system near the critical temperature. Solutions are given for the changing phase of a cylindrical or spherical inclusion, allowing for a 'mushy zone' with mixed state that is controlled by imposing a pure state at the boundary. The diffusion coefficients for transport of one phase through the mixture, depend on the phase field value, since the physical structure of the mixture depends on the relative proportions of the two phases. A source term promotes stability of both of the pure phases but this tendency may be controlled or even reversed through the boundary conditions.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.