Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A New Binarization Algorithm for Historical Documents

Version 1 : Received: 21 November 2017 / Approved: 22 November 2017 / Online: 22 November 2017 (06:38:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Almeida, M.; Lins, R.D.; Bernardino, R.; Jesus, D.; Lima, B. A New Binarization Algorithm for Historical Documents. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 27. Almeida, M.; Lins, R.D.; Bernardino, R.; Jesus, D.; Lima, B. A New Binarization Algorithm for Historical Documents. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 27.

Journal reference: J. Imaging 2018, 4, 27
DOI: 10.3390/jimaging4020027

Abstract

Monochromatic documents claim for much less computer bandwidth for network transmission and storage space than their color or even grayscale equivalent. The binarization of historical documents is far more complex than recent ones as paper aging, color, texture, translucidity, stains, back-to-front interference, kind and color of ink used in handwritting, printing process, digitalization process, etc. are some of the factors that affect binarization. This article presents a new binarization algorithm for historical documents. The new global filter proposed is performed in four steps: filtering the image using a bilateral filter, splitting image into the RGB components, decision-making for each RGB channel based on an adaptive binarization method inspired by Otsu's method with a choice of the threshold level, and classification of the binarized images to decide which of the RGB components best preserved the document information in the foreground. The quantitative and qualitative assessment made with 21 binarization algorithms in three sets of “real world” documents showed very good results.

Subject Areas

documents; binarization; back-to-front interference; bleeding

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