Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Multiferroic Hysteresis Loop

Version 1 : Received: 19 October 2017 / Approved: 19 October 2017 / Online: 19 October 2017 (17:42:26 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ruff, A.; Loidl, A.; Krohns, S. Multiferroic Hysteresis Loop. Materials 2017, 10, 1318. Ruff, A.; Loidl, A.; Krohns, S. Multiferroic Hysteresis Loop. Materials 2017, 10, 1318.

Journal reference: Materials 2017, 10, 1318
DOI: 10.3390/ma10111318


Multiferroics, showing both ferroelectric and magnetic order, are promising candidates for future electronic devices. Especially, the fundamental understanding of ferroelectric switching is of key relevance for further improvements, which however is rarely reported in literature. On a prime example for a spin-driven multiferroic, LiCuVO4, we present an extensive study of the ferroelectric order and the switching behavior as function of external electric and magnetic fields. From frequency-dependent polarization switching and using the Ishibashi-Orihara theory, we deduce the existence of ferroelectric domains and domain-walls. These have to be related to counterclockwise and clockwise spin-spirals leading to the formation of multiferroic domains. A novel measurement – multiferroic hysteresis loop – is established to analyze the electrical polarization simultaneously as a function of electrical and magnetic fields. This technique allows characterizing the complex coupling between ferroelectric and magnetic order in multiferroic LiCuVO4.

Subject Areas

Multiferroicity; LiCuVO4; Spin-driven improper ferroelectricity; Hysteresis in magnetic fields, Multiferroic Hysteresis Loop

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