Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cut-off Values of Hematologic Parameters to Predict the Number of Alpha Genes Deleted in Subjects with Deletional Alpha Thalassemia

Version 1 : Received: 20 September 2017 / Approved: 21 September 2017 / Online: 21 September 2017 (04:47:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Velasco-Rodríguez, D.; Blas, C.; Alonso-Domínguez, J.-M.; Vega, G.; Soto, C.; García-Raso, A.; Llamas-Sillero, P. Cut-Off Values of Hematologic Parameters to Predict the Number of Alpha Genes Deleted in Subjects with Deletional Alpha Thalassemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2707. Velasco-Rodríguez, D.; Blas, C.; Alonso-Domínguez, J.-M.; Vega, G.; Soto, C.; García-Raso, A.; Llamas-Sillero, P. Cut-Off Values of Hematologic Parameters to Predict the Number of Alpha Genes Deleted in Subjects with Deletional Alpha Thalassemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2707.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2707
DOI: 10.3390/ijms18122707

Abstract

Most of α-thalassemia cases are caused by deletions of the structural α-globin genes. The degree of microcytosis and hypochromia has been correlated with the number of affected α-globin genes, suggesting a promising role of hematologic parameters as predictive diagnostic tools. However, specific cut-off points for these parameters to discriminate between the different subtypes of α-thalassemia remain to be clearly defined. Six hematologic parameters (total number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and red cell distribution width) were evaluated in 174 cases of deletional α-thalassemia (92 heterozygous α+ thalassemia, 39 homozygous α+ thalassemia, 34 heterozygous α0 thalassemia and 9 cases of Hb H disease). A good correlation between the number of deleted alpha genes and MCV (r = -0.672, p<0.001), MCH (r = -0.788, p<0.001) and RDW (r = 0.633, p<0.001) was observed. The deletion of at least two alpha genes in adult individuals with microcytosis without iron deficiency and normal values of Hb A2 and Hb F should be discarded when MCH levels are lower than 23.15 pg. Furthermore, MCH <21.90 pg and/or MCV <70.80 fL are strongly suggestive of the presence of one α0 allele. Finally, an accurate presumptive diagnosis of Hb H disease can be made if both RDW ≥20% and MCH <18.45 pg are seen.

Subject Areas

alpha; thalassemia; deletional; cut-off; number of genes; microcytic anemia; differential diagnosis

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