Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigating Suspended-Sediment Transport in a Shallow Lake Using a Three-Dimensional Model

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2017 / Approved: 29 May 2017 / Online: 29 May 2017 (19:13:37 CEST)

How to cite: Liu, H.; Liu, W.; Chiu, C. Investigating Suspended-Sediment Transport in a Shallow Lake Using a Three-Dimensional Model. Preprints 2017, 2017050203 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0203.v1). Liu, H.; Liu, W.; Chiu, C. Investigating Suspended-Sediment Transport in a Shallow Lake Using a Three-Dimensional Model. Preprints 2017, 2017050203 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0203.v1).

Abstract

A three-dimensional, unstructured grid, hydrodynamic and suspended-sediment transport model (i.e., SELFE-SED) was developed to simulate temporal and spatial variations of suspended sediment and was applied to the subtropical subalpine Tsuei-Feng Lake (TFL) of Taiwan. The model was validated with measured water level and suspended‑sediment concentration in 2009, 2010, and 2011. The overall model simulation results are in quantitative agreement with the observational data. The validated model was then applied to explore the most important parameter that affects the suspended-sediment concentration and to investigate the effect of wind stress on the mean current and suspended‑sediment distribution in this shallow lake. Modeling results of sensitivity analysis reveal that the settling velocity is a crucial parameter and erosion rate is less important in the suspended-sediment transport model. Remarkable lake circulation was found based on the strength of wind speed and wind direction. Strong wind would result in higher mean current in the top layer and suspended-sediment distribution in the top and bottom layers. This study demonstrated that the wind stress played a significant influence on mean circulation and suspended-sediment transport in a shallow lake.

Subject Areas

Suspended sediment, Hydrodynamics, Numerical model, SELFE-SED, Wind-driven current, Tsuei-Feng Lake

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