Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Inhibition of Zika Virus by Marine Algae

Version 1 : Received: 14 March 2017 / Approved: 14 March 2017 / Online: 14 March 2017 (18:34:37 CET)

How to cite: Cirne-Santos, C.; Barros, C.D.S.; Cesar Richter Nogueira, C.; Mendonça Campos, R.; Teixeira, V.; Ferreira, D.; Paixão, I.C.N.D.P. Inhibition of Zika Virus by Marine Algae. Preprints 2017, 2017030087 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201703.0087.v1). Cirne-Santos, C.; Barros, C.D.S.; Cesar Richter Nogueira, C.; Mendonça Campos, R.; Teixeira, V.; Ferreira, D.; Paixão, I.C.N.D.P. Inhibition of Zika Virus by Marine Algae. Preprints 2017, 2017030087 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201703.0087.v1).

Abstract

For many years marine algae has been subject of numerous researches and as a source of natural products with antiviral activity, such as terpenes, alkaloids and sulphated polysaccharides. However, the anti-Zika virus (ZIKV) potential of algae has not been studied. In this study we evaluated extracts seven species of the three major classes of seaweeds (Phaeophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Rhodophyceae) against ZIKV. All seaweeds tested are native of the Brazilian coast, except for Kappaphycus alvarezii that can be cultivated. ZIKV a mosquito-borne flavivirus, has become a public health problem. In recent years there has been an increase in the number of cases and a strong association between ZIKV outbreak and the spread of cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and microcephaly. All seaweed extracts tested in this work inhibits ZIKV replication in a dose-dependent manner. Caulerpa racemosa, Kappaphycus alvarezii and Osmundaria obtusiloba extracts were able to inhibit viral replication at low concentrations with EC50 values ranging from 1.38 to 1.98 µg/mL. We observed that O. obtusiloba presented a significant virucidal effect. Our results suggest that extracts of C. racemosa, K. alvarezii and O. obtusiloba presented very promising results, being excellent candidates for further studies, demonstrating that marine algae are an interesting source for the development of novel anti-ZIKV agents.

Subject Areas

Zika Virus, Antiviral, Marine Algae

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