Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

The Effect and Mechanism of Transdermal Penetration Enhancement of Fu’s Cupping Therapy: A New Physical Penetration Technology for Transdermal Administration with TCM Characteristics

Version 1 : Received: 15 December 2016 / Approved: 15 December 2016 / Online: 15 December 2016 (10:57:46 CET)

How to cite: Xie, W.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, J.; Sun, X.; Yang, F. The Effect and Mechanism of Transdermal Penetration Enhancement of Fu’s Cupping Therapy: A New Physical Penetration Technology for Transdermal Administration with TCM Characteristics. Preprints 2016, 2016120082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0082.v1). Xie, W.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, J.; Sun, X.; Yang, F. The Effect and Mechanism of Transdermal Penetration Enhancement of Fu’s Cupping Therapy: A New Physical Penetration Technology for Transdermal Administration with TCM Characteristics. Preprints 2016, 2016120082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0082.v1).

Abstract

Background: in this paper, a new physical penetration technology for transdermal administration with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) characteristics - Fu’s cupping therapy (FCT) - was established and studied by in-vitro and in-vivo experiments; the penetration effect and mechanism of FCT physical penetration technology (FCT-PPT) was preliminarily discussed. Method: Indomethacin (IM) as a model drug,by transdermal in vitro tests the establishment of the high,medium and low reference were finished as the chemical permeation system;chemical penetration enhancers and iontophoresis as a reference,the percutaneous penetration effect of FCT for IM patch was evaluated with 7 species diffusion kinetics model and in vitro drug distribution;naproxen as an internal standard,using UPLC-MS/MS technology,the IM quantitative analysis method in vivo was established,and pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC0-t,AUC0-∞,AUMC0-t,AUMC0-∞, Cmax and MRT) as indicators were used evaluate to FCT penetration role in vivo;in the same time,the group used 3K factorial design to study joint synergistic penetration effect on FCT and chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs);by SEM and TEM,the skin micro and ultrastructural changes of the stratum corneum (SC) surface were observed, to explore pay tank penetration mechanism. Results: In vitro and in-vivo skin permeation experiments revealed that both the total cumulative percutaneous amount and in-vivo percutaneous absorption amount (AUC and AUMC) of indomethacin that permeated SD mouse skin using FCT techniques were greater than the amount observed using CPE and iontophoresis: Firstly, in contrast to the control group, the indomethacin percutaneous rate (PR) of the FCT lower group (FCTL) was 35.52%, and the enhancement ratio (ER) at 9h was 1.76X, which was roughly equivalent to the penetration enhancing effect of the CPEs and iontophoresis; secondly, the indomethacin PR of the FCT middle (FCTM) group and the FCT high intensity group (FCTH) were respectively 47.36% and 54.58%, ER at 9h were separately 3.58X and 8.39X; thirdly, pharmacokinetic studies showed that in-vivo indomethacin percutaneous absorption of the FCTs was higher than that of the control group, that of the FCTM group was slightly higher than that of the CPEs group, and that of the FCTM group was significantly higher than that of the others. Meanwhile, the variance analysis indicated that the combination of the FCT penetration enhancement method and the CPE method had beneficial effects in penetration enhancing of the skin: the significance level of the CPE method was 0.0004, which was apparently lower than the 0.001, meaning the difference was markedly significant; the significance level of the FCT was under 0.0001, its difference markedly significant; and the significance level of factor interaction A×B was lower than 0.0001, indicating that its difference of the synergism was markedly significant. Moreover, SEM and TEM images showed that the SC surfaces of SD rats treaded with FCT-PPT was damaged, and hard to observe the complete surface structure with its SC pores growing bigger and its special “brick structure” becoming looser, indicating that it broke the barrier function of skin, which revealed potentially a major route of skin penetration. Conclusion: FCT, as percutaneous penetration new technologies, has penetration effects significantly, with Chinese characteristics and highly clinical value, worth promoting development.

Subject Areas

transdermal physical penetration technology; Fu’s Cupping Therapy; pharmacokinetics; SEM; TEM; stratum corneum; mechanism

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