: Received: 6 November 2016 / Approved: 8 November 2016 / Online: 8 November 2016 (10:23:48 CET)
: Received: 28 December 2016 / Approved: 28 December 2016 / Online: 28 December 2016 (10:46:04 CET)
Gündüz, D.; Tanislav, C.; Sedding, D.; Parahuleva, M.; Santoso, S.; Troidl, C.; Hamm, C.W.; Aslam, M. Uridine Triphosphate Thio Analogues Inhibit Platelet P2Y12 Receptor and Aggregation. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2017, 18, 269.
Gündüz, D.; Tanislav, C.; Sedding, D.; Parahuleva, M.; Santoso, S.; Troidl, C.; Hamm, C.W.; Aslam, M. Uridine Triphosphate Thio Analogues Inhibit Platelet P2Y12 Receptor and Aggregation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 269.
Platelet P2Y12 is an important ADP receptor that is involved in agonist-induced platelet aggregation and is a valuable target for the development of anti-platelet drugs. Here we characterise the effects of thio-analogues of uridine triphosphate (UTP) on ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Using human platelet-rich plasma we demonstrate that UTP inhibits P2Y12 but not P2Y1 receptors and antagonises 10 μM ADP-induced platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 value of ~250 μM. An 8-fold higher platelet inhibitory activity was observed with a 2-thio analogue of UTP (2S-UTP), with an IC50 of 30 μM. The 4-thio analogue (4S-UTP) with an IC50 of 7.5 μM was 33-fold more effective. A 3-fold decrease in inhibitory activity, however, was observed by introducing an isobutyl group at the 4S- position. A complete loss of inhibition was observed with thio-modification of the γ phosphate of the sugar moiety, which yields an enzymatically stable analogue. The interaction of UTP analogues with P2Y12 receptors was verified by P2Y12 receptor binding and cAMP assays. These novel data demonstrate for the first time that 2- and 4-thio analogues of UTP are potent P2Y12 receptor antagonists that may be useful for therapeutic intervention.
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