Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Steel Shot as a Risk Factor for Soils at the Area of Shooting Activity

Version 1 : Received: 21 May 2022 / Approved: 23 May 2022 / Online: 23 May 2022 (12:28:40 CEST)

How to cite: Lisin, V.; Chizhikova, V.; Lubkova, T.; Yablonskaya, D. Steel Shot as a Risk Factor for Soils at the Area of Shooting Activity. Preprints 2022, 2022050309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0309.v1). Lisin, V.; Chizhikova, V.; Lubkova, T.; Yablonskaya, D. Steel Shot as a Risk Factor for Soils at the Area of Shooting Activity. Preprints 2022, 2022050309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0309.v1).

Abstract

This study is follow-up of the steel shot transformation under the influence of environmental factors research (Lisin et al., 2022) and is the initial stage of investigating the iron behavior in soils during steel shot corrosion under a number of factors: the metallic lead in soils, atmospheric precipitation, excess organic matter. The results obtained show that corrosion of steel ammunition is a continuous process, including the formation of a poorly soluble rust crust on the surface of the steel and the mineralization of the metal until it is destroyed. As a result, the metal transformed into rust form, is a constant source of iron ions and dispersed rust particles migrating in soil waters and accumulating in soils. In addition, the aggregation of corrosion products of steel ammunition is the cause of a change in physical and mechanical properties of soils, which leads to a violation of the air and water migration regime of soils and an increase in surface runoff from the territories of shooting activity. The highest environmental risks are observed when steel ammunition is used on shooting areas where metallic lead intensifies steel shot corrosion rate, while the deposited steel shot activates the deterioration of previously encapsulated metal and — if steel and lead ammunition are used at the same time — slows down the encapsulation of newly deposited metallic lead, which catalyses the accumulation and migration of lead in environmental components.

Keywords

steel shot; iron; soil; environmental risk; shooting activity

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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