Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimization of Bleaching Crude Palm Oil with Activated Snail Shell using Central Composite Design [CCD]

Version 1 : Received: 12 May 2022 / Approved: 13 May 2022 / Online: 13 May 2022 (10:40:35 CEST)
(This article belongs to the Research Topic Ecofriendly Materials)

How to cite: Ojewumi, M.; Roosevelt, E. Optimization of Bleaching Crude Palm Oil with Activated Snail Shell using Central Composite Design [CCD]. Preprints 2022, 2022050190 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0190.v1). Ojewumi, M.; Roosevelt, E. Optimization of Bleaching Crude Palm Oil with Activated Snail Shell using Central Composite Design [CCD]. Preprints 2022, 2022050190 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0190.v1).

Abstract

Agricultural wastes have posed as a treat to the environment over the years and they are found in large quantities due to domestic and industrial utilization of such materials in under developed and developing countries. The inability to recycle this waste has led to researches on how to use them in carrying out productive industrial activities. The aim of this study is to use Central Composite Design (CCD) to optimize the bleaching effects by snail shell as adsorbents on crude palm oil. The predictive ability of the model was close to accurate using MINITAB 19 software with the design application for the process simulation for % FFA yield to have 75.856% for experimental and 77.587% for predicted yield with just 1.731% residual. The saponification value increased with adsorption, and it indicates that palm oil can be used for soap making.

Keywords

adsorbent; palm oil; central composite design; bleaching; snail shell

Subject

ENGINEERING, Biomedical & Chemical Engineering

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