Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Intra-Species Genomic Variation in the Pine Pathogen Fusarium Circinatum

Version 1 : Received: 28 April 2022 / Approved: 29 April 2022 / Online: 29 April 2022 (10:47:31 CEST)

How to cite: Maphosa, M.; Steenkamp, E.T.; Kanzi, A.; Van Wyk, S.; De Vos, L.; Santana, Q.C.; Duong, T.; Wingfield, B.D. Intra-Species Genomic Variation in the Pine Pathogen Fusarium Circinatum. Preprints 2022, 2022040298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0298.v1). Maphosa, M.; Steenkamp, E.T.; Kanzi, A.; Van Wyk, S.; De Vos, L.; Santana, Q.C.; Duong, T.; Wingfield, B.D. Intra-Species Genomic Variation in the Pine Pathogen Fusarium Circinatum. Preprints 2022, 2022040298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0298.v1).

Abstract

Fusarium circinatum is an important global pathogen of pine trees. Genome plasticity has been observed in different isolates of the fungus, but no genome comparisons are available. To address this gap, we sequenced and assembled to chromosome level five isolates of F. circinatum. These genomes were analysed together with previously published genomes of F. circinatum isolates FSP34 and KS17. Multi-sample variant calling identified a total of 461683 micro variants (SNPs and small indels) and a total of 1828 macro structural variants of which 1717 were copy number variants and 111 were inversions. Variant density was higher on sub-telomeric regions of chromosomes. Variant annotation revealed that genes involved in transcription, transport, metabolism and transmembrane proteins were overrepresented in gene sets affected by high impact variants. A core genome representing genomic elements conserved in all the isolates and a non-redundant pangenome representing all genomic elements is presented. Whole genome alignments showed that an average of 93% of the genomic elements are present in all isolates. The results of this study reveal that some genomic elements are not conserved within the isolates and some variants are high impact. The described genome-scale variations will help inform novel disease management strategies against the pathogen.

Keywords

genome; accessory; core genome; Fusarium circinatum; structural variants; inversions; indels; pangenome

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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