Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Perceptions of Teachers and School Nurses on Child and Adolescent Oral Health

Version 1 : Received: 3 March 2022 / Approved: 4 March 2022 / Online: 4 March 2022 (07:08:57 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Maida, C.A.; Marcus, M.; Xiong, D.; Ortega-Verdugo, P.; Agredano, E.; Huang, Y.; Zhou, L.; Lee, S.Y.; Shen, J.; Hays, R.D.; Crall, J.J.; Liu, H. Investigating Perceptions of Teachers and School Nurses on Child and Adolescent Oral Health in Los Angeles County. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4722. Maida, C.A.; Marcus, M.; Xiong, D.; Ortega-Verdugo, P.; Agredano, E.; Huang, Y.; Zhou, L.; Lee, S.Y.; Shen, J.; Hays, R.D.; Crall, J.J.; Liu, H. Investigating Perceptions of Teachers and School Nurses on Child and Adolescent Oral Health in Los Angeles County. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4722.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4722
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19084722

Abstract

This study reports results of focus groups with school nurses and teachers from elementary, middle, and high schools to explore their perceptions of child and adolescent oral health. Participants included 14 school nurses and 15 teachers (83% Female; 31% Hispanic, 21% White, 21% Asian, 14% African American, and 13% Others). Respondents were recruited from Los Angeles County schools and scheduled by school level for six one-hour focus groups, using Zoom. Audio recordings were transcribed, reviewed, and saved with anonymization of speaker identities. NVivo software was used to facilitate content analysis and identify key themes. The nurses’ rate of “Oral Health Education” comments statistically exceeded that of teachers, while teachers had higher rates for “Parental Involvement” and “Mutual Perception” “Need for Care” was perceived to be more prevalent in immigrants to the United States based on student behaviors and complaints. “Access to Care” was seen as primarily the nurse’s role. Strong relationships between community clinics and schools were viewed by some as integral to students achieving good oral health. The results suggest dimensions and questions important to item development for oral health surveys of children and parents to address screening, management, program assessment, and policy planning.

Keywords

focus group; patient reported outcome measures; oral health; education; COVID-19; dental problem

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Dentistry

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