Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Anomalous Geomagnetic Signal Emphasized Before the Mw8.2 Coastal Alaska Earthquake, Occurred on 29 July 2021

Version 1 : Received: 22 January 2022 / Approved: 25 January 2022 / Online: 25 January 2022 (08:30:54 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Stănică, D.A. Anomalous Geomagnetic Signal Emphasized before the Mw8.2 Coastal Alaska Earthquake, Occurred on 29 July 2021. Entropy 2022, 24, 274. Stănică, D.A. Anomalous Geomagnetic Signal Emphasized before the Mw8.2 Coastal Alaska Earthquake, Occurred on 29 July 2021. Entropy 2022, 24, 274.

Journal reference: Entropy 2022, 24, 274
DOI: 10.3390/e24020274

Abstract

A very strong earthquake of magnitude Mw8.2 struck the coastal zone of Alaska (USA), on July 29, 2021. This earthquake was felt around the Gulf of Alaska, on a wide offshore area belonging to USA and Canada. In order to identify an anomalous geomagnetic signal before the onset of this earthquake, we retrospectively analyzed the data collected on the interval June 17 - July 31, 2021, via internet (www.intermagnet.org), at the two geomagnetic observatories, College (CMO) - Alaska and Newport (NEW)-USA, by using the polarization parameter (BPOL) and the strain effect–related to geomagnetic signal identification. Thus, for the both observation sites (CMO and NEW), the daily mean distribution of the BPOL and its standard deviation (STDEV) are carried out using an FFT band-pass filtering in the ULF range (0.001-0.0083Hz). Further on, a statistical analysis based on a standardized random variable equation was applied to emphasize the following: a) the anomalous signature related to Mw8.2 earthquake on the both time series BPOL*(CMO) and BPOL*(NEW); b) the differentiation of the transient local anomalies associated with Mw8.2 earthquake from the internal and external parts of the geomagnetic field, taking the NEW observatory as reference. Finally, on the BPOL*(NEW-CMO) time series, carried out on the interval 07-31 July, 2021, a very clear anomaly of maximum, greater than 1.2 STDEV, was detected on July 22, with 7 days before the onset of Mw8.2 earthquake

Keywords

geomagnetic polarization parameters; precursory geomagnetic; Mw8.2earthquake; CMO and NEW observatories -Alaska

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Geophysics

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