Cherni, Y.; Gagné-Pelletier, L.; Bouyer, L.; Mercier, C. Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review. Appl. Sci.2022, 12, 323.
Cherni, Y.; Gagné-Pelletier, L.; Bouyer, L.; Mercier, C. Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Training for Pediatric Gait Disorders: A Scoping Review. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 323.
The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the literature on the use of anti-gravity treadmill and its effects on lower limb motor functions in children and adolescents with locomotor impairments. Four databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science) were searched for articles from inception to August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: (1) experimental or quasi-experimental studies using the anti-gravity training as the primary intervention; (2) studies conducted in paediatricpediatric participants; (3) articles reporting outcomes related to the lower limb functions; and (4) studies published in French or English. Fifteen articles were included in the review. Studies included children and adolescents aged 4–18 years with locomotor impairments. The intervention duration was ranged from 2 and to 12 weeks, with 2-5 sessions per week. Included studies showed reported that anti-gravity training induces improvements in muscle strength, balance, spatiotemporal gait parameters, and walking endurance in children with locomotor impairments. This review provides relevant information about the modalities, outcomes and limits associated with the anti-gravity training protocol reported in the literature. Overall, the anti-gravity treadmill training could be viewed as a valuable training modality for children with cerebral palsy. However, more precise, and comprehensive description of anti-gravity rehabilitation protocols would be useful.
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