Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Lifestyle Variations During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of Dietary, Physical Activities and Weight Gain Among the Adult Population

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2021 / Approved: 17 November 2021 / Online: 17 November 2021 (12:09:58 CET)

How to cite: Hammouri, H.; Almomani, F.; Abdel Muhsen, R.; Abughazzi, A.; Daghmash, R.; Abudayah, A.; Hasan, I. Lifestyle Variations During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of Dietary, Physical Activities and Weight Gain Among the Adult Population. Preprints 2021, 2021110306 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0306.v1). Hammouri, H.; Almomani, F.; Abdel Muhsen, R.; Abughazzi, A.; Daghmash, R.; Abudayah, A.; Hasan, I. Lifestyle Variations During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of Dietary, Physical Activities and Weight Gain Among the Adult Population. Preprints 2021, 2021110306 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0306.v1).

Abstract

Since its inception in 2019, COVID-19 has been associated with significant changes in lifestyle-related behavior, including physical activity, diet, and sleep, which are vital to maintaining our well-being. This study measures lifestyle-related behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown using a 21-item questionnaire. The responses were collected from March 2021 to September 2021. Four hundred sixty-seven participants were engaged in assessing the changes caused by the pandemic and their effect on BMI. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were tested for 71 participants. Cronbach's alpha values for the questionnaire all exceeded 0.7, demonstrating good validity and internal consistency for it. The effect of each question regarding physical activity and dietary habits over the BMI difference was studied using ANOVA. The study shows that more than half of the participants reported snacking more between meals and increased their sitting and screen time, while 74% felt more stressed and anxious. These indications were the cause of the increase in the BMI rate for individuals in the lockdown. In contrast, 62% of the participants showed more awareness about their health by increasing the intake of immunity-boosting foods, and 56% of the participants showed an increase in the consumption of nutrition supplements. Females and married individuals tended to be healthier, so their BMI showed stability compared to others based on their gender and marital status.

Keywords

COVID-19 Pandemic; Dietary patterns; BMI; Nutrition; Vitamins; Healthy Food; Dietary Supplements; Factor analyses; Internal Consistency; weight gain

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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