Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The application of Artificial Intelligence to Ophthalmology: A bibliometric study (2000-2021)

Version 1 : Received: 27 October 2021 / Approved: 3 November 2021 / Online: 3 November 2021 (13:39:37 CET)

How to cite: Wang, H.; Zhou, X.; Du, W.; Huang, L. The application of Artificial Intelligence to Ophthalmology: A bibliometric study (2000-2021). Preprints 2021, 2021110080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0080.v1). Wang, H.; Zhou, X.; Du, W.; Huang, L. The application of Artificial Intelligence to Ophthalmology: A bibliometric study (2000-2021). Preprints 2021, 2021110080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0080.v1).

Abstract

Background. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an advanced technology for the latest 20 years. Machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) are the major innovations for AI, which has been applied for multiple fields. Ophthalmology has become to be one of the most significant disciplines for human healthcare. Methodology. This study utilizes methods of text mining and bibliometric analysis to explore applications of AI to ophthalmology. 179 related articles from Web of Science (WOS) and 96 papers from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) are explored during the period of 2000 to 2021. A descriptive analysis of major trends, journal releasing, topic mapping and quotation relationships is implemented in this paper. Leading authors, journals, institutions, nations and references in the related research are identified. Results. Findings show that the application of AI technologies in ophthalmologic diagnosis with optical coherence tomography (OCT) fundus images is the core topic for this area’s studies, especially for diabetic retinopathy (DR), aged macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma. It is also be predicted as the core direction over the recent years. Besides, The USA, England and China is the most competitive countries in this scientific filed. Journals of Ophthalmology, Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Eye, Acta Ophthalmologica and Scientific Reports are the top five journal related to the research area. There is a significant difference between WOS and CNKI databases pertaining to the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to ophthalmology, especially for the historic development, topic mapping and discipline category. Finally, the potential academic value of interdisciplinary subject of “AI in Ophthalmology” and tradition Chinese medicine (TRM) is discussed. Limitations and suggestions for the future research is indicated at the end of this paper.

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence; Ophthalmology; Bibliometric Study; CiteSpace; Machine Learning; Deep Learning.

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