Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Cell Cycle Regulation and DNA Damage Response Networks in Diffuse-and Intestinal-Type Gastric Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 12 October 2021 / Approved: 13 October 2021 / Online: 13 October 2021 (11:06:51 CEST)

How to cite: Tanabe, S.; Quader, S.; Ono, R.; Cabral, H.; Aoyagi, K.; Hirose, A.; Yokozaki, H.; Sasaki, H. Cell Cycle Regulation and DNA Damage Response Networks in Diffuse-and Intestinal-Type Gastric Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021100198 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0198.v1). Tanabe, S.; Quader, S.; Ono, R.; Cabral, H.; Aoyagi, K.; Hirose, A.; Yokozaki, H.; Sasaki, H. Cell Cycle Regulation and DNA Damage Response Networks in Diffuse-and Intestinal-Type Gastric Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021100198 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0198.v1).

Abstract

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) networks are essential in acquiring the drug resistance and cancer malignant features in cancer stem cells (CSCs). In this regard, gene expression profiles in diffuse- and intestinal-type gastric cancer (GC) have been analyzed to reveal the network pathways in EMT and CSCs, since the diffuse-type GC has much more mesenchymal features than intestinal-type GC that has the intestinal features. The study results revealed that the activation state of several canonical pathways related to cell cycle regulation was altered. The canonical pathway on Cell cycle: G1/S checkpoint regulation was activated in diffuse-type GC, and canonical pathways on Cell cycle control of chromosomal replication and Cyclins and cell cycle regulation were activated in intestinal-type GC. Canonical pathway related to Role of BRCA1 in DNA damage response was activated in intestinal-type GC, where BRCA1, which is related to G1/S phase transition was up-regulated in intestinal-type GC. Several microRNAs (miRNAs), including mir-10, mir-17, mir-19, mir-194, mir-224, mir-25, mir-34, mir-451, and mir-605, were identified to have direct relationships of RNA-RNA interaction in Cell cycle: G1/S checkpoint regulation pathway. Additionally, cell cycle regulation may be altered in EMT conditions. The alterations in activation states of the pathways related to cell cycle regulation in diffuse- and intestinal-type GC would indicate the significance of cell cycle regulation in EMT.

Keywords

BRCA1; cancer stem cell; cell cycle; epithelial-mesenchymal transition; DNA damage response; gastric cancer; molecular network

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