Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Psychological Changes and Cancer Occurrence of Citizens Due to Changes in Concentration Before Seoul Fine Dust Policy

Version 1 : Received: 6 September 2021 / Approved: 8 September 2021 / Online: 8 September 2021 (10:11:40 CEST)

How to cite: Choi, K.Y.; Yang, W. Psychological Changes and Cancer Occurrence of Citizens Due to Changes in Concentration Before Seoul Fine Dust Policy. Preprints 2021, 2021090137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0137.v1). Choi, K.Y.; Yang, W. Psychological Changes and Cancer Occurrence of Citizens Due to Changes in Concentration Before Seoul Fine Dust Policy. Preprints 2021, 2021090137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0137.v1).

Abstract

Background: Particulate matter and urban air pollution affect the human body and can lead to death. Epidemiological studies should consider the exposure to pollutants and the diverse responses of individuals depending on their sensitivity to the pollutants. Methods: In this study, air pollution measurements were obtained hourly at measuring stations operated by the national and local governments to increase the reliability of the measured values. A β-ray absorption method was used to analyze the measurements of fine dust and determine the particulate matter content. Results: The air pollution data were log-converted to enable the comparison of data from different time periods. The comparison was made, focusing on the period of Seoul's fine dust policy. As a result, the cancer incidence rate also decreased after the policy. The data on individual characteristics were obtained from a survey of Seoul citizens conducted from 2015 to 2016 and using indicators such as the quality of life and social trust of Seoul citizens. Concludions: The survey on the living environment and residence indicated that 80% of the heads of households were men. Women had a greater dissatisfaction than men with the residential, economic, and social environments. The survey questions on well-being were related to the internal and external environment such as air pollution, noise, and fine dust.

Keywords

Environmental diseases; Air pollution; Fine dust; Living environment; Satisfaction; Policy

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