Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Financial Sector Liberalization and Agricultural Sector Output: Fresh Evidence From Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 18 August 2021 / Approved: 23 August 2021 / Online: 23 August 2021 (14:31:05 CEST)

How to cite: Ugah, J. Financial Sector Liberalization and Agricultural Sector Output: Fresh Evidence From Nigeria. Preprints 2021, 2021080452 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0452.v1). Ugah, J. Financial Sector Liberalization and Agricultural Sector Output: Fresh Evidence From Nigeria. Preprints 2021, 2021080452 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0452.v1).

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between financial sector liberalization and agricultural sector output in Nigeria using annual data spanning the period 1986-2020. Specifically, the objectives of the study are to examine the relationship between lending rate, exchange rate, commercial bank credit to agriculture, inflation rate and agricultural sector output in Nigeria. Ex-post facto research design was employed and the annual time series data were collated from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin. The econometrics methods of unit root, co-integration and error correction mechanism were used for the analyses. The outcome of the ADF unit root test show that the variables were stationary. Also the co-integration result showed that there exist co-integration amongst the variables in the model. The results from Error Correction Model indicates that lending rate and inflation rate have a negative relationship on agricultural sector output while exchange rate and commercial bank credit to agriculture have positive relationship on agricultural sector output. Based on these results, this study recommends that government and policy makers in Nigerian should initial policies that will boost investments in the agricultural sector through direct provision of credits to agriculturist and banks should also lend at a very low and subsidized interest rate to enable farmers’ access agricultural loans that will boost agricultural productivity in the economy.

Keywords

Financial Liberalization, Agriculture Output, Lending Rate, Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, Commercial bank credit

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