Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Energy Metabolism in Relation to Diet and Physical Activity: A South Asian Perspective

Version 1 : Received: 19 August 2021 / Approved: 23 August 2021 / Online: 23 August 2021 (13:26:08 CEST)

How to cite: Wulan, S.N.; Raza, Q.; Pramita, H.S.; Martati, E.; Maligan, J.M.; Mageshwari, U.; Fatima, I.; Plasqui, G. Energy Metabolism in Relation to Diet and Physical Activity: A South Asian Perspective. Preprints 2021, 2021080442 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0442.v1). Wulan, S.N.; Raza, Q.; Pramita, H.S.; Martati, E.; Maligan, J.M.; Mageshwari, U.; Fatima, I.; Plasqui, G. Energy Metabolism in Relation to Diet and Physical Activity: A South Asian Perspective. Preprints 2021, 2021080442 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0442.v1).

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide not only in Western countries but also in Asian countries. Among Asian countries, South Asian countries experience the rapid increase of overweight and obesity that co-exist with the rapid increase of obesity-related non communicable diseases such as diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular. The phenomena in South Asian countries are triggered by growth in population size, population aging, urbanization and changes in lifestyle including increases in energy intake and reductions in physical activity. The imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure leads to the development of positive energy balance, which over the time acumulate in a higher body fat. South Asians were reported to have a more unfavorable body composition with a higher body fat percentage as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians. The differences in body composition between South Asians and Caucasians contribute to differences in resting energy expenditure, in which South Asians have a lower resting energy expenditure as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians. Resting energy expenditure is the largest component of daily total energy expenditure, and therefore play an important role in determining the energy balance between energy intake and expenditure.

Keywords

energy metabolism; South Asian; diet; physical activity

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