Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Reappraisal of PRRS Control Strategies: The Way forward

Version 1 : Received: 12 July 2021 / Approved: 14 July 2021 / Online: 14 July 2021 (09:40:20 CEST)

How to cite: Amadori, M.; Razzuoli, E.; Listorti, V. Reappraisal of PRRS Control Strategies: The Way forward. Preprints 2021, 2021070313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0313.v1). Amadori, M.; Razzuoli, E.; Listorti, V. Reappraisal of PRRS Control Strategies: The Way forward. Preprints 2021, 2021070313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0313.v1).

Abstract

The control of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is still a major issue worldwide in the pig farming sector. Despite extensive research efforts and the practical experience gained so far, the syndrome still heavily affects farmed pigs worldwide and challenges established beliefs in veterinary virology and immunology. The clinical and economic repercussions of PRRS are based on concomitant, additive features of virus pathogenicity, host susceptibility and influence of environmental, microbial and non-microbial stressors. This makes a case for integrated, multi-disciplinary research efforts in which the three types of contributing factors are critically evaluated toward the development of successful disease control strategies. These could be definitely eased by the definition of reliable markers of disease risk and virus pathogenicity. As for the host’s susceptibility to PRRSV infection and disease onset, the roles of both innate and adaptive immune responses are still ill-defined. In particular, the overt discrepancy between passive and active immunity and the uncertain role of adaptive immunity vis-à-vis an established PRRSV infection should prompt the scientific community to the development of novel research schemes, in which apparently diverging and contradictory findings could be reconciled, and eventually brought to a satisfactory conceptual framework.

Subject Areas

Pig; PRRS; PRRS virus; immune response; disease resistance; disease control

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