Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Modeling and Managing Flash Flood Hazards in the State of Kuwait.

Version 1 : Received: 27 June 2021 / Approved: 1 July 2021 / Online: 1 July 2021 (11:07:40 CEST)

How to cite: Hassan, A.; A Albanai, J.; Goudie, A. Modeling and Managing Flash Flood Hazards in the State of Kuwait.. Preprints 2021, 2021070011 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0011.v1). Hassan, A.; A Albanai, J.; Goudie, A. Modeling and Managing Flash Flood Hazards in the State of Kuwait.. Preprints 2021, 2021070011 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0011.v1).

Abstract

Flash flooding is one of the most devastating natural events that leads to enormous and recurring loss of life. Kuwait was subjected to severe rainstorms in the winter of 2018 and 2020 followed by an extreme violent flood that had not been known in Kuwait since 1976. It resulted in several geomorphological and environmental impacts in urban and desert areas. This produced some positive results, such as geomorphological activity in landforms, the flow of some valleys and the prosperity of wildlife in the Kuwaiti desert. Negative results included some problems in the metropolitan area and destruction of some road networks that intersect the main valleys, and which were not equipped with crossings for avoiding floods. There was also the emergence of some problems in the infrastructure. Study of flash floods requires the involvement of all scientific and executive bodies to avoid environmental risk. The study aims to: 1- Monitor geomorphological and environmental changes. 2- Assess the impact of floods in the urban areas and on infrastructure. 3- Modeling the impact. 4- Creating solutions and adaptions to the flash flood. The study uses several methods such as remote sensing (RS), geographic information systems (GIS), hydrologic modeling and fieldwork to evaluate the impact of flash flood hazards on the sustainable urban development of Kuwait state. This approach is rarely used in Kuwait. We propose a novel method that could help decision-makers and planners in determining inundated flood zones before planning future urban developments in Kuwait, and help them to manage flood water, by identifying the most appropriate places for storage to exploit water in agriculture and drinking.

Keywords

Flash floods; Hydro-Geomorphology; Rainstorms management; GIS; RS.

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