Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain)

Version 1 : Received: 22 June 2021 / Approved: 23 June 2021 / Online: 23 June 2021 (09:25:19 CEST)

How to cite: Alberich, J.; Pérez, M.Y.; Muro, J.I.; Bustamante, E. Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain) . Preprints 2021, 2021060554 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0554.v1). Alberich, J.; Pérez, M.Y.; Muro, J.I.; Bustamante, E. Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain) . Preprints 2021, 2021060554 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0554.v1).

Abstract

There is consensus over the fact that urban green areas contribute to the quality of life of their inhabitants. So, efficient city management must assess whether the population has access to green areas and their quality in relation to vegetation, facilities or furnishings, for example. Therefore, the objective set is to establish the environmental justice of urban parks in Tarragona (Spain) by developing a Park Quality Index (PQI) and the sociodemographic characteristics (level of studies, Human Development Index [HDI], home sale and rental prices) of the population living within 300 metres of a park. To prepare this, a GIS-integrated Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) has been produced. The results show that the green areas have low accessibility and availability and that most parks obtain an average-low PQI, with the best- valued aspect being the vegetation and the worst the facilities. As for the degree of environmental justice, a casual relationship emerges between the PQI and the indicators used. The average value of the home sale prices is the one that shows the greatest correlation. These results can be used together with participatory procedures as a basis for identifying places with greater inequality, and for selecting the more effective actions that enable increasing environmental justice with respect to green areas.

Subject Areas

Environmental justice; Urban parks; Tarragona

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