Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Overview of Sport History in Iran: Prehistory, Ancient and Modernization

Version 1 : Received: 19 June 2021 / Approved: 21 June 2021 / Online: 21 June 2021 (15:46:22 CEST)

How to cite: Ghasemi, H.; Rasekh, N.; Izadparast, L. Overview of Sport History in Iran: Prehistory, Ancient and Modernization. Preprints 2021, 2021060524 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0524.v1). Ghasemi, H.; Rasekh, N.; Izadparast, L. Overview of Sport History in Iran: Prehistory, Ancient and Modernization. Preprints 2021, 2021060524 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0524.v1).

Abstract

The article reviews Iranian sports in three periods: prehistoric, ancient, and modern. In prehistoric times, remaining cases have shown the existence of movement activities based on recreational and religious ceremonies. In the period of ancient history, documents such as Hasanlu Golden Cup and Arjan Cup, and in the continuation of architectures leftover from different eras, refer to the prosperity of sports activities with different approaches. Among all kinds of activities, Iranian zoorkhaneh sport has a significant cultural background and effect. Modern sports entered Iran through embassies, oil contractors, Western-educated students, and military representatives in other countries (in the modern era). Iran became a member of the International Olympic Committee in 1947 and won its first Olympic medal in 1948. Entering the 21st century, the sports industry in Iran began to grow and the number of clubs, sports careers, and sports science students in universities increased significantly. The growing dimension of attention and interest in sports among Iranians shows that sports will be one of the main areas in Iran's development in the future.

Keywords

Sport History; Iran; Zoorkhaneh Sport; Arjan Cup; Traditional Sport

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