Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Do Mouthwashes Reduce Covid-19 Viral Load during Dental Procedures and Oropharyngeal Examinations? A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 8 June 2021 / Approved: 9 June 2021 / Online: 9 June 2021 (09:10:08 CEST)

How to cite: Z. Mohebbi, S.; Ebrahimi, T.; Shamshiri, A.R. Do Mouthwashes Reduce Covid-19 Viral Load during Dental Procedures and Oropharyngeal Examinations? A Systematic Review. Preprints 2021, 2021060249 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0249.v1). Z. Mohebbi, S.; Ebrahimi, T.; Shamshiri, A.R. Do Mouthwashes Reduce Covid-19 Viral Load during Dental Procedures and Oropharyngeal Examinations? A Systematic Review. Preprints 2021, 2021060249 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0249.v1).

Abstract

There is a relatively high risk of virus transmission in dental procedures and oropharyngeal examinations. We investigated the effects of mouthwashes on covid-19 viral load reduction during dental practices and oro-pharyngeal assessments. We performed a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane library for relevant studies up to February 2021. Papers evaluating patients with covid-19 infection (patients) who rinse mouthwashes (intervention) compared to patients who don’t rinse them (comparison) for reducing covid-19 viral load or reducing cross-infection of covid-19 (outcome) in the randomized and non-randomized clinical trial and quasi-experimental studies (study) were included due to PICOS question. Three independent authors conducted literature screening and data extraction. We extracted the most relevant data and we evaluated the risk of bias from the included studies. Out of 344 potentially eligible articles, six studies were included in this systematic review. Regarding viral load and negative cycle threshold (ct) values, 1% PVP_I and Listerine mouthwash were effective. 0.12% CHX mouthwash was effective 0-2 hours post rinsing, but it was not effective after 2 hours. A mixture solution of 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate and 6% Hydrogen peroxide was effective on day 5 of intervention. Gargling 1% hydrogen peroxide, 0.075% Cetylpiridinum Chloride (CPC), 0.5%PVP-I and 0.2% CHX mouthwashes was not effective on SARS-COV-2. It cannot be guaranteed that rinsing a specific kind of mouthwash prevents cross-infection of covid-19; however, the viral load of SARS-COV-2 in saliva will be decreased after rinsing mouthwashes containing 1%PVP-I and Listerine.

Keywords

mouthwash; mouth rinse; oral rinse; covid19; SARS-COV-2; coronavirus

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