Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Getting out of Crises: Environmental, Social-ecological and Evolutionary Research Needed to Avoid Future Risks of Pandemics

Version 1 : Received: 7 June 2021 / Approved: 8 June 2021 / Online: 8 June 2021 (09:34:57 CEST)

How to cite: Destoumieux-Garzon, D.; Matthies-Wiesler, F.; Bierne, N.; Binot, A.; Boissier, J.; Devouge, A.; Garric, J.; Gruetzmacher, K.; Grunau, C.; Guégan, J.; Hurtrez-Boussès, S.; Huss, A.; Morand, S.; Palmer, C.; Sarigiannis, D.; Vermeulen, R.; Barouki, R. Getting out of Crises: Environmental, Social-ecological and Evolutionary Research Needed to Avoid Future Risks of Pandemics. Preprints 2021, 2021060204 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0204.v1). Destoumieux-Garzon, D.; Matthies-Wiesler, F.; Bierne, N.; Binot, A.; Boissier, J.; Devouge, A.; Garric, J.; Gruetzmacher, K.; Grunau, C.; Guégan, J.; Hurtrez-Boussès, S.; Huss, A.; Morand, S.; Palmer, C.; Sarigiannis, D.; Vermeulen, R.; Barouki, R. Getting out of Crises: Environmental, Social-ecological and Evolutionary Research Needed to Avoid Future Risks of Pandemics. Preprints 2021, 2021060204 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0204.v1).

Abstract

The implementation of One Health/EcoHealth/Planetary Health approaches has been identified as key (i) to address the strong interconnections between risk for pandemics, climate change and biodiversity loss, and (ii) to develop and implement solutions to these interlinked crises. As a response to the multiple calls of scientists in that direction, we have put forward seven long term research questions regarding COVID-19 and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) that are based on an effective integration of environmental, ecological, evolutionary, and social sciences to better anticipate and mitigate EIDs. Research needs cover the social-ecology of infectious disease agents, their evolution, the determinants of susceptibility of humans and animals to infections, and the human and ecological factors accelerating infectious disease emergence. For comprehensive investigation, they include the development of nature-based solutions to interlinked global planetary crises, addressing ethical and philosophical questions regarding the relationship of humans to nature and regarding transformative changes to safeguard the environment and human health. In support of this research, we propose the implementation of innovative multidisciplinary facilities embedded in social-ecosystems locally: the “ecological health observatories” and the “living laboratories”. This work has been carried out in the frame of the EC project HERA (www.HERAresearchEU.eu) that aims to set the priorities for an environment, climate and health research agenda in the EU by adopting a systemic approach in the face of global environmental change.

Subject Areas

One Health; Planetary Health; Pandemics; Ecology; Evolution; Environment; Climate change; Biodiversity loss; Emergence; Pathogen

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