Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Retinal Microsecond Pulse Laser Treatment in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Short-Term Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2021 / Approved: 10 May 2021 / Online: 10 May 2021 (10:39:25 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Prasuhn, M.; Miura, Y.; Tura, A.; Rommel, F.; Kakkassery, V.; Sonntag, S.; Grisanti, S.; Ranjbar, M. Influence of Retinal Microsecond Pulse Laser Treatment in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Short-Term Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2418. Prasuhn, M.; Miura, Y.; Tura, A.; Rommel, F.; Kakkassery, V.; Sonntag, S.; Grisanti, S.; Ranjbar, M. Influence of Retinal Microsecond Pulse Laser Treatment in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Short-Term Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2418.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2418
DOI: 10.3390/jcm10112418

Abstract

Background: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a common macular condition characterized by detachment of the neuroretina and is a frequent cause of central vision loss in adults. Among the various therapeutic strategies, subthreshold microsecond pulsed laser (SML) treatment has become a useful option. Despite the suggested involvement of choroidal circulatory disturbances in CSC, effects of this treatment on macular microperfusion have not been fully evaluated yet. Herein, we report the impact of SML on retinal and choroidal microvascular flow using non-invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCTA). Methods: In this study, CSC patients with persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) with or without secondary choroidal neovascularization (CNV) were included (referred to as pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) group and CSC group, respectively). SML was conducted using a yellow (577 nm) laser with duty cycle of 10%, spot size of 200 µm and duration of 200 ms. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) as well as OCT and OCTA images were evaluated at baseline and 4 weeks after SML. OCTA parameters of interest included full retinal perfusion (FRP), choriocapillaris perfusion (CCP), Sattler’s layer perfusion (SLP), and Haller’s layer perfusion (HLP), which were evaluated longitudinally and compared to unaffected fellow eyes. Results: 27 affected eyes and 17 fellow eyes from 27 patients were included. Before treatment, central retinal thickness (CRT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) of affected eyes were significantly larger than in fellow eyes. Four weeks after SML, CRT decreased significantly, whereas perfusion parameters did not change. In subgroup analyses, the CSC group showed a significant decrease of SFCT, whereas the PNV group did not despite the decrease of CRT. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the SML may SFCT of CSC, but not of PNV patients at least within four weeks following treatment. This effect seems to be independent of the change in choroidal perfusion measured with OCTA.

Keywords

OCTA; central serous chorioretinopathy; choroidal perfusion; choriocapillaris; Sattler’s layer; Haller’s layer; retinal perfusion; subthreshold micropulse laser

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